Thanks to its plural and colorful diversity, Turkey is hard to match. The country is best measured in multitudes – of people, natural landscapes and cultures. This land of vast open spaces massive mountain ranges, is a land of contrast, beauty and history where everything, even the sharpest antithesis seem to share space and time. In order to fully enjoy your stay in Turkey, you should take into account the recommended and mandatory health recommendations for visiting the country. This measures are not hard to follow and will help you to preserve your health. In order to protect yourself from local diseases, any visitor should consider vaccinating against Hepatitis A and Typhoid, which can be very easily spread through contaminated food or water, especially in rural areas. If you did not get vaccinated on time, you must avoid street food and dubious water to minimize the risk of infection. Depending on the length and destination of your trip, the vaccines and tablets for Hepatitis B, Rabies and Malaria are strongly recommended. Hepatitis B can be spread through sexual contact, contaminated needles and other blood products, so you need to be particularly careful if you are considering getting a tattoo during your vacation or engaging in a sexual relationship with a new partner. Vaccinating against rabies is highly recommended for those travellers who wish to be involved in outdoor activities that put them at risk of wild animal bites. Although the risk of malaria is low in Turkey, you should avoid mosquito bites to prevent this illness. Pregnant women, children and elderly people must take extra precautions, such as antimalarial tablets. Ask your general practitioner for his medical opinion, explaining the details of your trip and your general health condition. If you are not feeling well during or after your visit to Turkey, do not hesitate to consult a doctor, as some symptoms may appear weeks after the end of your stay. If you need help finding a travel medicine specialist, please see Find a Clinic. Be sure to inform your doctor about any relevant information about your travels, such as your destination, whether you were in contact with non domestic animals or if you travel to unpopulated areas. To enter the country as a short-term visitor you must have a valid visa for Turkey that can be purchased online at e-Visa. The fee for a Turkey e-Visa ranges from US$20 prior arrival to US$30 upon arrival. Regarding Turkish visa requirements, your criminal record will be looked at, and you will need to respect the deadlines of your visa. If you are planning to travel to Turkey for any other purpose other than a mere visit or a short business trip, you must obtain a Turkish visa in advance from a Turkish Embassy or Consulate. More information about how to get a Turkish visa and other Turkey related matters can be found at the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs website. More information can be found at the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs website. U.S. citizens can contact the Embassy of the Republic of Turkey at 2525 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone: (202) 612-6700 (Turkish Embassy USA), or the Turkish Consulate Generals in Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, or New York.